×
Loading in progress
  • BIRTH 02/04/1900
  • DEATH 10/06/1967
  • Country United States
  • MOVIES 38

Spencer Tracy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Spencer Bonaventure Tracy (April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was an American actor, noted for his natural style and versatility. One of the major stars of Hollywood's Golden Age, Tracy won two Academy Awards for Best Actor from nine nominations, sharing the record for nominations in that category with Laurence Olivier.

Tracy first discovered his talent for acting while attending Ripon College, and he later received a scholarship for the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. He spent seven years in the theatre, working in a succession of stock companies and intermittently on Broadway. Tracy's breakthrough came in 1930, when his lead performance in The Last Mile caught the attention of Hollywood. After a successful film debut in John Ford's Up the River starring Tracy and Humphrey Bogart, he was signed to a contract with Fox Film Corporation. His five years with Fox featured one acting tour de force after another that were usually ignored at the box office, and he remained largely unknown to audiences after 25 films, almost all of them starring Tracy as the leading man. None of them were hits although The Power and the Glory (1933) features arguably his most acclaimed performance in retrospect.

In 1935, Tracy joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, at the time Hollywood's most prestigious studio. His career flourished with a series of hit films, and in 1937 and 1938 he won consecutive Oscars for Captains Courageous and Boys Town. He made three smash hit films supporting Clark Gable, the studio's principal leading man, firmly fixing the notion of Gable and Tracy as a team in the public imagination. By the 1940s, Tracy was one of the studio's top stars. In 1942, he appeared with Katharine Hepburn in Woman of the Year, beginning another popular partnership that produced nine movies over 25 years. Tracy left MGM in 1955, and continued to work regularly as a freelance star, despite an increasing weariness as he aged. His personal life was troubled, with a lifelong struggle against severe alcoholism and guilt over his son's deafness. Tracy became estranged from his wife in the 1930s, but never divorced, conducting a long-term relationship with Katharine Hepburn in private. Towards the end of his life, Tracy worked almost exclusively for director Stanley Kramer. It was for Kramer that he made his last film, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner in 1967, completed just 17 days before his death.

During his career, Tracy appeared in 75 films and developed a reputation among his peers as one of the screen's greatest actors. In 1999 the American Film Institute ranked Tracy as the 9th greatest male star of Classic Hollywood Cinema.

Spencer Tracy

Movies (38)

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
Matt Drayton
Judgment at Nuremberg
Judgment at Nuremberg
Dan Haywood
Woman of the Year
Woman of the Year
Sam Craig
It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World
It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World
C. G. Culpepper
How the West Was Won
How the West Was Won
Narrator (voice)
Fury
Fury
Joe Wilson
Father of the Bride
Father of the Bride
Stanley T. Banks
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Dr. Henry 'Harry' Jekyll / Mr. Hyde
Adam's Rib
Adam's Rib
Adam Bonner
Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo
Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo
Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle
Father's Little Dividend
Father's Little Dividend
Stanley Banks
Bad Day at Black Rock
Bad Day at Black Rock
John J. Macreedy
San Francisco
San Francisco
Father Tim Mullin
State of the Union
State of the Union
Grant Matthews
Captains Courageous
Captains Courageous
Manuel Fidello
A Guy Named Joe
A Guy Named Joe
Pete Sandidge
Broken Lance
Broken Lance
Matt Devereaux
The Sea of Grass
The Sea of Grass
Col. James B. Brewton
Northwest Passage
Northwest Passage
Major Robert Rogers
Keeper of the Flame
Keeper of the Flame
Stevie O'Malley
Man's Castle
Man's Castle
Bill
Malaya
Malaya
Carnaghan
Ingrid Bergman Remembered
Ingrid Bergman Remembered
Self (archive footage)
The Mountain
The Mountain
Zachary Teller
The Seventh Cross
The Seventh Cross
George Heisler
The Old Man and the Sea
The Old Man and the Sea
The Old Man
Cavalcade of the Academy Awards
Cavalcade of the Academy Awards
Self
Rat Pack
Rat Pack
Self (archive footage)
Something a Little Less Serious: A Tribute to 'It's a Mad Mad Mad Mad World'
Something a Little Less Serious: A Tribute…
Self (archive footage)
Stanley and Livingstone
Stanley and Livingstone
Henry M. Stanley
The Actress
The Actress
Clinton Jones
The Last Hurrah
The Last Hurrah
Mayor Frank Skeffington
Desk Set
Desk Set
Richard Sumner
Harlow: The Blonde Bombshell
Harlow: The Blonde Bombshell
Self (archive footage)
Inherit the Wind
Inherit the Wind
Henry Drummond
Tortilla Flat
Tortilla Flat
Pilon
Pat and Mike
Pat and Mike
Mike Conovan
Northward, Ho!
Northward, Ho!
Himself